Song Dynasty 1. The ingenuity of advanced mechanical engineering had a long tradition in China. However the Song government was corrupt and weak. 2. Rise and fall of the Song Dynasty.  The Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), specifically the Northern Song Dynasty, had a huge economic revolution from 960 to 1127 AD, with this economic revolution, they were able to avoid fighting, unlike many other dynasties, which had focused on gaining power with violence. The Song took a different approach since their military was not very strong. The Song period was one of China's most peaceful and prosperous era. Their history is divided into two periods of Northern and Southern Song. Although the Song only ruled over a relatively small area compared to the Han 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE), the Tang 唐 (618-907) or the Qing 清 (1644-1911) dynasties, their age is seen as a time of economical, cultural and social prosperity and often dubbed the Chinese renaissance. The population grew rapidly during this time, and more and more people lived in cities. It is famous for its many inventions and advances, but eventually collapsed and was conquered by the Mongol barbarians to the north. B. Emergence A. How was the Song dynasty able to continue its prosperity despite threats from the north? First Chinese polity to establish a permanent standing navy. With a prosperous economy and radiant culture, this period was considered as another period of 'golden age' after the glorious Tang Dynasty (618 - 907). 3. Emperor Of China Song Taizu, Zhao Kuang-yin Founder of the Song Dynasty, Zhao Kuang-yin (927-976) ended the practice of frequent military coups, which had exhausted China for mor… Chien-lung, Chien-lung Ch'ien-lung (1711-1799) was the fourth emperor of the Ch'ing, or Manchu, dynasty in China. Ancient China was the most advanced civilization in the world during the rule of the Song dynasty. Starting in 960 and ending in 1279, the Song Dynasty consisted of the Northern Song (960-1127) and the Southern Song (1127-1279). Indeed, scholars today talk of a Song economic revolution. I. The Song engineer Su Song admitted that he and his contemporaries were building upon the achievements of … Women in the Song Dynasty This part will evoke women’s life and rights in the Northern Song Dynasty. During the Song (Sung) Dynasty (960-1276), technology was highly advanced in fields as diverse as agriculture, iron-working, and printing. I. More productive farming created a surplus of food, which could be sold. A time of great social and economic change, the period in large measure shaped the intellectual and political climate of China down to the twentieth century. C. Technological innovations such as gunpowder and the compass led to industrialization. The Song dynasty lasted over 300 years, from 960 to 1279. In 960 the Northern Song empire was established by Emperor Song Taizu, with its capital at Kaifeng . The Song Dynasty was divided into two separate dynasties the Northern Song (386-581) and the Southern Song (420-589). The Song dynasty era is divided into two time periods of almost equal length, referred to as the Northern Song era (960-1126 AD) and the Southern Song era (1127-1279 AD). The Song Dynasty is often seen as the start of the decline of women status in the Chinese society: a revival of Confucianism led women political role to be reduced, as well as their public appearance compared to Tang Dynasty. His rule covered a span of 63 years, a reign lo… During the latter, the Song ceded control of the Yellow river (the traditional birthplace of Chinese civilization) plus the rest of northern China to the Jin Dynasty (Jinn or Jurchen Dynasty), the Tartar ancestors of the Manchus who ruled during the era of Qing Dynasty art (1644-1911). 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