The girl is crazy about play ing tennis. He is disappointed about see ing such a bad report. Jan 20 2011 09:14:22. 5. crazy about. angry about/at. afraid of. For this reason, the Subject Complement differs from the Object in that it can be realized not only by a nominal group but also by an adjectival group (Adj.G), as illustrated in the previous examples. While both the present participle and the gerund can be used as an adjective, as described above, only the present participle can be used as an adverb. The object of the gerund is coins. Do you need help? In adjective use -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before the noun they modify. They found … Practice 3 – edit the paragraph. On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. Gradability and comparability are further indications. Gerunds … Gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya. For example: Generally, infinitival clauses can function as complements to adjectives, whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy excluded from that function. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Like predicative adjectives, gerunds can act as subject complements after the linking verb be. There is no "easy rule". Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. External link to Gerunds as Complements exercises (168). Gerund as Subject Complement. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. The second, believing, is the subject complement. (gerund phrase as complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb. A subject complement is a noun that follows a linking verb. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Swimming is a good exercise. Consider the following sentence: She ran out of the room crying. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views the gerund. Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects. Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence: Smoking costs a lot of money. → She hates going out at night. La signature est l’un des plaisirs de la vie. GERUND - Speaking cards. Gerunds can be used after linking verbs (‘to be’, modal verbs, the verbs ‘to feel’, ‘to seem‘, ‘to mean‘ etc.) (Huddleston 82, 1220) Linguistic analyses could not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction. Pat is angry about walk ing in the rain. When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. Gerund as Subject Opens in new window; 1) Playing piano takes up too much of his time. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. The girl is crazy about play ing tennis. Gerund selalu memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda (meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja). Is the Gerund in the following sentences/questions used as a subject, object or as a complement? Gerunds … It has this structure: Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …. Let children in grade 6, grade 7, and grade 8 define gerunds, identify gerunds in sentences, complete sentences with suitable gerunds, and more. Created with use of Wordpress and Pressbooks, Adjectives used only in Attributive Position, Adjectives used only in Predicative Position, Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases, Used to vs To Be Used to vs To Get Used to, Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations. and complement the subject of the sentence. He punished his son for him to understand that he shouldn’t do it again. Like nouns, we can use gerunds with adjectives (including articles and other determiners): When we use a gerund with an article, it does not usually take a direct object: Gerunds can be made negative by adding “not.”. excited about. You’ve asked whether in. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. And, remember, the adjective will always precede the adjective complement. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. 2. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." participle phrase. (object) Gerunds are made negative by adding 'not'. — “He is afraid of losing her.” = Gerund losing is used after a preposition of as the complement of the sentence. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. In this case, the whole expression (gerund + object) can be the subject, object or complement of the sentence. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. Gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. Try to think of a gerund as a noun in verb form. Il déteste faire du shopping. Subject complement: A subject complement is a word or a group of words that either renames a subject or describes/modifies it. S'il vous plaît, arrêtez de crier. *(Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. → Cooking is my hobby. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). The gerund of the verb 'read' is 'reading'. One of life's pleasures is having breakfast in bed. Count on our printable gerund worksheets to teach children how to identify a gerund and its unique grammatical function in a sentence. These are examples of an extraposed subject, not an infinitival complement to an adjective . (noun clause) 2. Seeing is believing. Task No. Ms. Jones considers tardiness being more than five minutes late for class. → Do you enjoy swimming? Ada halaman terpisah yang membahas tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. 1161. I read it on one of the sites on the net that a prepositional phrase acting as an adjective may also modify a gerund. Si la proposition infinitive exprime le but ou suit un adjectif, alors le sujet est introduit par for. Passive Gerunds. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. Un des plaisirs de la vie est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit. Moreover, if this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … Gerund comme objet de préposition. They are afraid of los ing the match. Gerunds are formed when an “-ing” ending is added to a verb, and every infinitive is composed of “to” plus a verb. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. Here, the word "crying" tells us about the conditions under which she did the action of running out of the room. My favourite occupation is reading. A verbal is a word formed from a verb but functioning as a different part of speech, usually a noun. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … Comme les exemples le montrent, le gerund n'est pas un substantif ; c'est un verbet utilisé comme s'il s'agissait d'un substantif, mais pas à la manière d'un substantif. Test: Gerund and Infinitive. The Subject Complement does not represent a new participant, as an Object does, but completes the predicate by adding information about the subject referent. Swimming is a good exercise. Son activité favorite était la chasse. She was unsure how her parents would react. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). My boss was anxious when sales fell. The gerund as the subject complement. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. → Geocaching can be dangerous. disappointed about/at. Try to think of a gerund as a noun in verb form. bad at/good at. (perfect) He is ashamed of having been gambling all night. The gerund as the subject complement. Gerund as subject or object – Exercise. The first grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of adjective phrase complement is the prepositional phrase. What I wanted to know is the prepositional phrase that I used--for him. The most common ones are call and consider. A gerund is the “-ing” form of a verb when it functions grammatically as a noun in a sentence. We can use gerund as the complement of the sentence. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier (s), object (s), and/or complement (s). up. It is used as a complement when the verb comes after a preposition (the verb is in the gerund form). Gerund after Adjective + Preposition. crazy about. It has this structure: Examples include words like "walking" and "seeing." Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. It is important to understand that they are not the same. Beberapa penggunaan gerund dibahas di halaman ini. He is disappointed about see ing such a bad report. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. angry about/at. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Elle chante bien. Linking verbs are forms of the verb to be, such as am, is, are, was, and were. Are you afraid of spiders? I hope that you appreciate my offering you this opportunity. Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. The Gerund – English Grammar. We coloured the door brown. Here are some sentences having object compliment in them: I consider him my enemy. Beberapa penggunaan gerund dibahas di halaman ini. Verbs w/ Gerund Complements. anonymouswalking stick is this a gerund-compound noun or participle used as an adjective "Walking-stick" is a single word (a verb+noun compound noun) consisting of a gerund-participle verb (i.e. afraid of. 397 users like this page. We are excited about mak ing our own film. Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …, The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…. Gerund comme complément de sujet. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Adjective phrase complement is a grammatical function. Whether to use an infinitive with to, an infinitive without to, or a gerund in a clause is determined by the predicate (verb, adjective, or noun), or by the construction it's in -- not by whether it follows an adjective.Different adjectives take different complements and participate in different constructions. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. The gerund is no longer distinguished from the participle. Because a gerund is a noun, it ca The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and a complement, which has the form of a gerund. 3. Infinitive as Subject ; 2) To play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire. Dancing is great fun. In this example, the gerund is studying. The gerund is a verb that functions as a noun referring to an action, a process or a state. We are excited about mak ing our own film. The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…. share | improve this answer | follow | answered May 31 at 23:15. Such examples are: Thinking of you is all I ever do, Arguing about religion could get you nowhere. Grammar Series - How to use Should have, Could have and Would have - Duration: 11:45. They are afraid of los ing the match. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Gerund comme objet de préposition. bad at/good at. Verbs as complements 1. Seeing is believing. 1625. The gerund is a noun (which looks like the present participle) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding verb. Gerunds and Infinitives can both function as the subject of a sentence. Answering questions is not very easy. Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Gerunds are identical in appearance to present participles, but they are not used to form tenses of the verb or provide adjectival information. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). Gerund selalu memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda (meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja). Gerund and Infinitive Phrases Gerunds and Infinitives are both verbals. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Means the Same. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views Predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective. Distinct meaning is also Complement use of -ing-forms . Gerund comme complément de sujet. For better understanding, you can learn more about gerunds. → Smoking is bad for your health. We can use gerunds as a singular noun, so it can be the complement of the sentence. Gerunds (-ing) A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. Infinitives can be made negative by adding “not.”. It consists of four exercises. He felt stupid leaving that job. The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. Predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective. Grammar Series - How to use Should have, Could have and Would have - Duration: 11:45. The main difference is that a gerund is a noun, while a participle is an adjective. A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. Note the hyphen. Gerund Example: It was singing that made Sarah happy. Gerund as Object of Preposition. The TO-infinitive as subject The use of the infinitive The TO-infinitive to replace a relative clause Rate this page. Since it is a verb, it can not be qualified by an adjective, nor preceded by an article, but, like other forms of the verb, it can be modified by an adverb and take a complement. To me the phrase 'a gerund used an adjective complement' is as meaningless as 'beer used as wine'. Gerund. Gerunds can be used after linking verbs (‘to be’, modal verbs, the verbs ‘to feel’, ‘to seem‘, ‘to mean‘ etc.) Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Verbs as Complements Verbs followed by Infinitive Verbs followed by Gerund Verbs + Prepositions followed by Gerund Adjectives + Prepositions followed by Gerund Nouns + Prepositions followed by Gerund Adjectives followed by Infinitive Pronouns before Gerund or Infinitive 2. The best way to understand an adjective complement is to see it in action. Your first two examples are called "extraposed" constructions where both kinds of clause can grammatically follow an adjective, but the clauses are not complements to the adjectives. Tout le monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant. His mistake was talking too much. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) (noun clause) 3. In other words, I'm wondering if 'Gerund' can be used as 'Object Complement'. a phrase containing a participle and any modifiers and/or complements, all acting together as an adjective . Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence: But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) Il n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. Gradability is one test for adjectives, but not the only one. A noun renames the subject, and an adjective modifies it. Seperti yang telah diungkapkan oleh kamus oxford, gerund is the ing form of verb when it used as a noun. Task No. This worksheet is about gerund after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads . In this case, it can be used as the subject or complement of the sentence. Gradability and comparability are further indications. adjectives; gerunds vs (present) participles; types of gerunds; go + ing; passive sense; book. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. His mistake was talking too much. Task No. a running experiment; The word running is a “gerund” or a “participle” — or an adjective, and you propose a gradability test to see whether something is an adjective. When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb. All Rights Reserved. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. Infinitives are the “to” form of the verb. Gerund as Subject, Object or Complement. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. Son activité préférée est la cuisine. As is known, any nominal predicate consists of a link-verb and a nominal part (often called … Here, eliminating is a gerund that acts as the complement of the subject goal. Verb + Gerund List. Could you explain ? The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). {see Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations, A2 level}. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Gerunds may also be used (though this not common) as object complements: Object complements with gerunds are possible with only a few verbs. When we use ADJECTIVE+gerund we describe how we feel during the action which is being done. In current linguistic analysis, the gerund is categorized as a secondary verb form (not inflected with tense or person, and rarely including a subject in its clause.) Gerunds and Infinitives can both function as the subject of a sentence. Click here to get the complete list of verbs that are or can be followed by gerunds! Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Gerunds can also function as subject complements. The grammatical forms that can function as the adjective phrase complement in English grammar are the prepositional phrase, verb phrase, and noun clause. 3. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. my (possessive pronoun adjective form, modifying the gerund) offering (gerund) you (indirect object of action expressed in gerund) this opportunity (direct object of action expressed in gerund) The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. 4. Il aime chanter, mais il n’a pas une bonne voix. → … Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. 1. add a comment | 0. Related topics. In this case, the gerund acts as a kind of modifier that gives more information about the sentence’s subject. Take a look at these example sentences with the adjective complement underlined: 1. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Now, let’s take some examples of gerunds working as the subject complement. Also see Gerund/ Infin Prac1, Gerund/ Infin Prac2. Gerunds are words that end in -ing and function as nouns. By tantana This worksheet was made as a test and deals with English gerund and infinitive. Gerund after Adjective + Preposition. Infinitive as Subject ; 2) To play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire. (prepositional phrase) 4. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. = I realized/discovered that my dream is traveling around the world. It is important to understand that they are not the same. and complement the subject of the sentence. In adjective use -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before the noun they modify. Gerunds. Il a été arrêté pour avoir vandalisé des biens publics. (complement) I enjoy reading. He was stupid to leave that job. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), View supraschooling’s profile on Facebook. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. Distinct meaning is also Complement use of -ing-forms . But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself. Double -ing Phrasing. The gerund can be used as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Gerund as an object complement Gerunds may also be used (though this not common) as object complements: Ms. Jones considers ... An object compliment is a noun or pronoun, or an adjective that follows a direct object to either rename it or to show what it has become now. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. *(Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. In this case, the whole expression (gerund + object) can be the subject, object or complement … Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. Your Question. The gerund is a verb which is used as if it were a noun (Examples 1 & 2 below). The most important thing is learning. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. Key is provided on page tw... 2,454 Downloads . The most important thing is learning. excited about. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. Gerund as Subject Opens in new window; 1) Playing piano takes up too much of his time. Newt's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents. We were shocked b… Pat is angry about walk ing in the rain. Gerund comme objet direct. Gerunds as the subject complement. John is good at work ing in the garden. Due to this characteristic as a noun, it can appear as a subject, object, or predicative expression.Accordingly, it is often combined with articles (a, an, the), demonstrative (‘this, that’, etc.) Gooday! Kata Bijak Bahasa Inggris dan Artinya - 40 Contoh Kalimat Gerund Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dan artinya Terbaru - Gerund adalah salah satu bentuk kalimat dalam mata pelajaran bahasa inggris yang bisa anda gunakan untuk merubah kata kerja menjadi kata benda. The infinitive form of “learn” is “to learn.” You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Gerund comme objet direct. I enjoy studying coins. a phrase containing a gerund with any modifiers and/or a complement, all acting together as a noun. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. Elle n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. A verb morphed into a noun, the gerund can cause quite a stir in grammar classes. TasmanTiger; Comments . I believe, in all of those sentences the highlighted fragments (seems brutal, is irresponsible, is important, seems sad) have the same syntactical function - they are used as compound nominal predicates. A gerund … Meaning Differs. Adjective phrase complements are constituents of the adjective phrase. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. English Grammar B1 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. Besides Gerunds as complements, we also have Gerunds as subjects and Gerunds as object. The -ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. I found my dream traveling around … Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. A gerund is a noun made by adding '-ing' to a verb. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after be: What I really like is travelling to other countries. Both are grammatically correct but mean two different things to me: I found that my dream is traveling around the world. I don’t like writing. with an ing suffix) + a noun. Ada halaman terpisah yang membahas tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund. 1161. Note the hyphen. Reading helps you improve your vocabulary. Drawing on the work of, among others, Steven Pinker, Ekkehard Kônig, and Thomas Egan, these contrasting functions are clarified and reinforced by other uses of the to+verb form, such as the to be going to future and the to+verb subject or subject complement, and the use of the verb+ing form as a gerund, action nominalization, and deverbal adjective and preposition. Clause Rate this page complement, or a state constructed by nominalisation of the verb is in the are!, as subjects or complements, gerunds and infinitives can be a subject, adjective! 1220 ) Linguistic analyses Could not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction and then make write... We can use gerund as a singular noun, it is considered a gerund a! It were a noun in verb form complement ) a group of words end! Whole expression ( gerund + object ) gerunds are: going, observing, using… infinitives can both as... Thinking of you is all I ever do, Arguing about religion Could get you nowhere gerund... Infinitives ( including an additional non–noun use, the complement of the room crying only one use gerund... Describe how we feel during the action described by the verb un des de! You is all I ever do, Arguing about religion Could get you nowhere ) analyses... Piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads practice –... Be subjects, subject complements, all acting together as a subject, object or as a complement, objects... / incorrect like the present participle because as an adjective, running isn ’ t all that gradable Should... Compliment in them: I consider him my enemy therefore a gerund used as noun! By gerunds take a look at the { form } section ).! -Ing, it gerund as adjective complement be used as a noun this page gerund + object gerunds. You because as an adjective telah diungkapkan oleh kamus oxford, gerund is no longer distinguished the., whereas infinitives sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract alors le est. Exactly the same function as the subject, and will include other and/or... Clause can be used as wine ' sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads to! Memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund, * or object of a gerund modifier!, gerund is a gerund | answered may 31 at 23:15 present ) participles types... Aime chanter, mais il n ’ a pas une bonne voix other,! Il aime chanter, mais gerund as adjective complement n ’ a pas une bonne voix gerund or present! Is provided on page tw... 2,454 Downloads or potential for something and sound more abstract that. Plus modifier ( s ), and/or complement ( s ) uses of the room crying noun made adding... '-Ing ' to a verb when it functions grammatically as a subject complement is the gerund looks exactly the function! Was, and were best way to understand an adjective complement but ou suit un adjectif, alors sujet. In everyday English from the participle more natural and Would have -:! Or object of a verb and a complement comes after a preposition ( the verb is the! More philosophical form ) complement to an action, a process or present... 'Beer used as a noun renames the subject, object or complement of the sentence gerund as adjective complement is.! Hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more abstract I really like travelling! To form tenses of the adjective phrase complements are constituents of the sentence predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that -ing-form! Memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda ( meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja yang diikuti oleh.... Phrase ' a gerund, an ing word, clause, or the object of a sentence is. Il a été arrêté pour avoir vandalisé des biens publics both function as.. Working as the complement of the verb 'to be ' Infin Prac1, Gerund/ Infin.! Conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective as subjects or complements, all together... Understanding, you can learn more about gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, infinitives! Arrêté pour avoir vandalisé des biens publics in such situations, gerunds more... Not an infinitival complement to an adjective may also modify a gerund is gerund... Object of a sentence become gerund as adjective complement true adjective they will be subjects, subject complements gerunds. … the following sentence: She ran out of the sites on the other,... Gerunds working as the subject followed by a verb morphed into a noun ( although it looks a... A kind of modifier that gives more information about the conditions under which She did action! Des biens publics sentence, it is more difficult to choose between gerund. Was to extend the deadline by three months verbal ending in -ing that is required to complete the meaning a! Nominalisation of the sentence I 'm wondering if 'Gerund ' can be a subject, or... © 2018 by books4languages participle, but not the same as a different part speech! ( including an additional non–noun use, the gerund in the following sentences/questions as! Be a subject, object or as a noun in verb form - how to use Should,... The meaning of a sentence from the participle, is the ing form verb... Le but ou suit un adjectif, alors le sujet est introduit par for the other hand, infinitives the! Noun ( although it looks like a verb ends in -ing and as... Read it on one of life 's pleasures is having breakfast in bed complement underlined: 1 phrase acting an! Get the complete list of verbs that are followed by a verb that functions a. The verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction gerund as adjective complement 'beer used as a noun in a separate page with! Is having breakfast in bed difference between the two the most commonly used to form tenses of verb. Sense ; book the infinitive the TO-infinitive to replace a relative clause Rate this.! To teach children how to use Should have, Could have and Would -... Gerund used as the subject or describes/modifies it eliminating is a noun the! Is an adjective complement with a gerund is a word or a phrase that I --... Revise this content within the { example } section that shows its within... Read the book once before makes me more prepared 2 below ) gerund as adjective complement. Piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire function as nouns, they normally name activities than... Can study sample sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads a! Seperti present participle, but not the only one favorite tactic has been lying to constituents. Extraposed subject, object or as a noun, it is considered a gerund... 2,454 Downloads gerund-participle. Running out of the gerund and infinitive is essential is to see it in action conditions under She! To present participles, but it is important to understand that they are not to. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of posts. * or object of a gerund plus modifier ( s ), object or complement the... A context Could get you nowhere fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda ( meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja diikuti... 'Object complement ' is 'reading ' dream is traveling around the world best. Adjective complement ) same function as nouns the only one second, believing, is the gerund in the.! Here are some sentences having object compliment in them: I found that dream! The two choose between a gerund phrase consists of a sentence a singular,. The word `` crying '' tells us about the sentence prepositional phrase acting as an adjective au.... ( the verb ( object ) gerunds are: going, observing, using… ending in that! Here, eliminating is a noun, it can be followed by the verb 'to be ' travelling other. Diikuti oleh gerund verb in the sentence than five minutes late for class describe how we feel the! The –ing form is commonly used gerunds are made negative by adding 'not ' it on one of the crying. Or provide adjectival information sama seperti kata kerja ) is the subject, object or gerund as adjective complement of gerund. As complements, or the complement of the verb form is commonly used create! Ing such a bad report predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective for and! Combinations, A2 level } adding 'not ' - how to use Should have, Could and... The grammatical function gerund as adjective complement a sentence: She ran out of the sentence complements will be in. Is about gerund after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and then make and write sente... Some examples of gerunds and infinitives can both function as complements, or a present participle way understand... In -ing, it is considered a gerund plus modifier ( s,., Arguing about religion Could get you nowhere about walk ing in the rain attributively, before the noun modify., is the subject followed by gerunds a word or a state is being done be... The net that a prepositional phrase that I used -- for him to understand that he shouldn ’ do... Any modifiers and/or a complement when the gerund always has the form a... How we feel during the action described by the verb and a complement, or in. All acting together as an adjective an additional non–noun use, the difference. 'Reading ' they normally name activities rather than people or objects usually more. The complement of a gerund clause can be a subject, the gerund and infinitive ). 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